Public Limited Company

Public Companies as defined under the Companies Act 2013 are the companies which are not private companies. Major characteristics of public companies are as follows:

  • Minimum members required are 7 and there is no limit on the maximum number of members.
  • There is no restriction on transfer the shares
  • Can invite money from the public subject to stringent compliances under the Companies Act, 2013, FEMA Regulations, SEBI Issue of Capital and Disclosure Requirements (ICDR) Regulations 2009, Securities Contracts (Regulations) Act 1956 etc
  • Minimum number of directors required are 3


Public companies are further divided into listed and unlisted public companies. Public companies have to adhere with more legal compliances than private companies such as appointing of Independent Directors in its Board of Directors, constitution of various committees under the Companies Act 2013, conducting Secretarial Audit etc.


If the company is a listed public entity then it has to comply with SEBI (Listing Obligations and Disclosure) Regulations 2015 (LODR) also such as quarterly compliance report on corporate governance, intimations to the Stock Exchanges of the Meetings of Board and members both before and after the meetings have taken place, submission of quarterly financial results with the stock exchange etc.


Services at

We generally advise our clients to first incorporate Private Companies, and as and when the business grows, to opt for converting the private company into a public company as compliances of private companies are easier to comply with in the initial stage of the business.

Nevertheless, we assist the client with the following: –

  • Apprising the clients on complete details of current regulatory practices applicable to a particular business.
  • Assisting the clients in preparing all the associated documents.
  • Assisting the client in obtaining Digital Signature Certificate (DSC).
  • Liaison with different regulatory authorities, departments and ministries.
  • Application for all legal clearances, licenses and approvals required in India.



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